A security guard is a person whose job is to protect an asset, a property, or a person. A security officer may be assigned to protect anything from local businesses to national museums. So the question today is, how much “security” can a security guard in the State of Delaware actually provide?
To try and answer this question and to educate you a just a bit further, I have done some research on the basic requirements and training that a security professional in Delaware must go through.
Without further ado, here are the basic requirements.
- The applicant applying be 18 years old (21 for commissioned/armed)
- This person must be an U.S citizen or legal alien (immigrant)
- The person applying must not be convicted previously of any felonies.
- This applicant cannot be convicted of any crime showing his/her moral arrogance.
- This applicant must not have been convicted of theft
- The person is not allowed be a drug addict
- A retired armed forces personnel cannot have gotten discharged dishonorably.
- He/She must not be a law enforcement officer at present.
- This individual must qualify an exam approved by the Board Of Examinations
- Driver’s License (optional)
The private guardian has to go through a 16 hour training course, certified by the state of Delaware. The test contains technical specifications on some of the following
Role of Private Security
This course educates the officers of their role in society. They tell them what they are required to do and how are they important in the society. General aspects of this job that the person deals with are discussed here.
This course teaches the professional about their legal standings, i.e. their rights and limitations. The sentries are told about their legal civilian liabilities i.e. negligence, false arrest, abuse of process, use of excessive force etc.
Patrol and Observation
They need to respond to changes in their environment, e.g. changes in traffic. They also have to patrol an area, thus they get taught various methods to patrol an area. They are also taught protocols like not wearing a bright colored shirt during patrol. It also teaches the officer how to prepare for patrolling before actually starting the patrol.
Here they also learn various actions during patrol like, making sure that assets are protected from human and natural threats, detecting criminal acts efficiently and responding to them correctly, detaining someone who has committed a crime.
Over here, they learn in what way to detect a crime, determine the level of danger, determine what response to take, and to effectively terminate the crime. Managing incidents has become more and more important as the evidence of history points out. If the guard does not know using what manner to respond to what incident, then he cannot successfully diffuse the situation.
In this training, they learn when to execute a surveillance operation on a suspected person or property to collect evidence, and then how to successfully and effectively document the evidence, it also tells the officer a bit about what kind of evidence is needed to evict for certain types of crimes.
First Aid Overview
This is not an extensive first aid course, but it covers some essential skills regarding minimizing the effect of everyday hazards. It tells the guards in which manner to analyze the situation and then to act according to the requirements that the situation has, ex, when to give CPR.
Customer Service Issues
This teaches the guard to address the public in different situation appropriately, i.e. when the public ask a question, in which manner answer, when someone asks for assistance, in which way to help him, different communication skills like hand signals and calming tones, and how to calm the masses of public people down. It also teaches them the technique to prioritize his issues with, and which issues are more significant and need more considering.
As an additional side note, armed officers need 3 hours of weapon training and a few visits to the gun range, at least three times a year.
Now you know about the training process these professionals go through, thus you know exactly what they are capable of and what not.